Artocarpus hirsutus Lam. - MORACEAE

Synonym : Artocarpus hirsuta Lam.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Aiyinipila; AnjiliMalayalam: Anjili; AyaniKannada: Hebbalasu

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large trees up to 35 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark dark grey, smooth when young, later scaly / flaky, lenticellate; blaze cream.
Branches and branchlets : Young branchlets terete, tawny hirsute, with annular scars.
Exudates : Latex white, profuse.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered at twigs end; stipules to 2.5 cm long, lanceolate, tawny hirsute, caducous, leaving annular scar; petiole 1.3-3 cm long, stout, subterete or planoconvex, hirsute; lamina 10-30.5 x 5-14 cm, usually ovate to broadly elliptic, apex subacute or shortly acuminate, base rounded or subacute, margin entire or undulate (lobed when young), coriaceous, drying brown, densely hirsute beneath when young, later become glabrous except on midrib and nerves; midrib flat above; secondary_nerves 10-12 pairs, ascending; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulo-percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual; male flowers in axillary spikes, pendulous, 14 cm long; female flowers in axillary spikes, ovoid.
Fruit and Seed : Syncarp (sorosis), subglobose or ellipsoid with long echinate processes, orange when ripe; seeds many, ovoid.

Ecology :

Canopy trees in disturbed evergreen forests up to 900 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South, Central and Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Encycl. 3: 210. 1789; Gamble, Fl. Madras 3: 1369.1998 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 437. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 112.1984; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 4b:358.2003.

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