Callicarpa tomentosa (L.) Murr. - VERBENACEAE

Synonym : Tomex tomentosa L. Callicarpa lanata L.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Vettilai-pattaiMalayalam: Thin perivellam, ThiriperivelamKannada: Rishipathiri, Arthigidu

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large shrubs or small trees ca. 5 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark grey, smooth.
Branchlets : Branchlets quadrangular, densely stellate tomentose.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 2.5-7.5 cm long, terete, densely white stellate tomentose; lamina 10.5-25 x 5.5-15 cm, elliptic to broadly elliptic or ovate, apex acute or acuminate, base acute, thinly coriaceous, glaucous, densely white stellate tomentose beneath; secondary_nerves and reticulation impressed above; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 6-9 pairs; tertiary_nerves distantly obliquely percurrent.
Flowers : Inflorescence branched cymes, axillary; flowers purple, sessile.
Fruit& seed : Drupe, globose, black, shining, 4 pyrenes; seeds 3-4.

Ecology :

Undergrowth in open disturbed evergreen to semi-evergreen forests up to 1400 m.

Distribution :

Peninsular India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- throughout.

Literature :

Murray, Syst. Veg. (ed. 13) 130. 1774; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1092. 1993 (re.ed.); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 357. 2004; Cook, Fl. Bombay 2: 423.1908; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 4:109. 2003.

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