Eurya nitida Korth. - THEACEAE

Synonym : Eurya japonica Thunb.

Vernacular names : Kannada: Huluni, Mukkorone

English   Kannada   Tamil   

Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Small trees up to 5 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark brown, smooth; blaze brown.
Branchlets : Young branchlets angular with two lateral ridges, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole 0.3-1 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 2.5-10 x 1.5-4 cm, elliptic to elliptic-oblanceolate, apex acuminate with retuse tip, base acute to cuneate, margin serrulate, glabrous, coriaceous, dark green and shining above, pale beneath; midrib slightly canaliculate above; secondary_nerves up to 8 pairs, impressed above; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Flowers : Flowers unisexual, greenish-white, in axillary fascicles, subsessile.
Fruit& seed : Berry, globose, purplish black when ripe; seeds many.

Ecology :

Along margin of medium and high elevation evergreen forests up to 700 and 2200 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia and China; in the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literature :

Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Bot. 3: 115. t. 17. 1840; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 79. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 43. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 198.1984; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 83.1903; Almeida.

Top of the Page