Glochidion heyneanum (Wt. & Arn.) Wt. - EUPHORBIACEAE

Synonym : Glochidion velutinum Wt.

Vernacular names : Tamil: PanickaavuMalayalam: Kaira, Kayara

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : A small tree.
Trunk\bark : Bark brown, scaly when mature; blaze pink.
Branchlets : Branchlets terete, tomentose.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipule caducous and leaving scar; petioles up to 0.5 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, tomentose; lamina 14.5 x 5 cm, ovate to elliptic-oblong, unequal sided, apex acute with mucronate tip, base asymmetric, margin entire, tomentose beneath; secondary_nerves 6-8 pairs, nerves hairy on both surfaces; tertiary_nerves horizontally percurrent.
Flowers : Inflorescence axillary clusters, tomentose; flowers unisexual, monoecious.
Fruit& seed : Capsule depressed, 3-6 locular, lobed.

Ecology :

Along margin of evergreen forests between 600 and 2000 m.

Distribution :

India, Bangaladesh amd Myanmar; in the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literature :

Wt. Icon. Pl. Ind. Or. 1907. 1852; Chakrabarty and Ganopadhyay, JETB 19 205. 1995; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2.1307.1993; Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6 420. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2. 146.1996; Cook, Fl. Bombay.

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