Ixora brachiata Roxb. ex DC - RUBIACEAE


Vernacular names : Malayalam: Marachethi

English   Kannada   Tamil   

Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Small trees, up to 7 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark brownish, scaly when mature; blaze pinkish.
Branchlets : Young branchlets quadrangular, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipule broadly ovate, interpetiolar, to 0.5 cm long, glabrous; petiole 0.4-1.2 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 8-18 x 3.4-6.8 cm, elliptic-oblong to oblanceolate, apex obtuse to subacute, base attenuate to cuneate or acute, margin entire or slightly undulate, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib flat above; secondary_nerves ca. 12 pairs; tertiary broadly reticulate.
Flowers : Inflorescence panicled cyme, terminal; flowers small, sessile, white, fragrant.
Fruit& seed : Berry, globose, 0.6 cm long, reddish when ripe; seeds 2.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in disturbed evergreen to semi-evergreen forests up to 1400 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- throughout.

Literature :

Prodr. 4. 488. 1830; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 631. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 218. 2004; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 610.1903; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 3:22. 2001.

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