Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk. - SAPINDACEAE

Synonym : Sapindus tetraphyllus Vahl

Vernacular names : Tamil: Nekota, KuhamthiMalayalam: Kalpoovathi, Kulappunna, NaikolliKannada: Katu yette

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large shrubs to small trees up to 12 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark brownish, densely lenticellate; blaze pale orange.
Branchlets : Branchlets terete, slightly pubescent when young.
Leaves : Leaves compound, paripinnate, rarely imparipinnate, alternate, spiral, to 40 cm long; rachis pulvinate slightly pubescent when young; petiolule 0.4-0.8 cm, stout, glabrous; leaflets 3-6 pairs, opposite-subopposite, 9-25 x 2.5-7 cm, narrow elliptic-oblong, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate with blunt tip, base acute, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 12-25 pairs, gradually curved and ascending; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Flowers : Inflorescence axillary or terminal panicled racemes; flowers polygamodioecious, white, sessile.
Fruit& seed : Drupaceous, 3-lobed, 3-sided; seeds ellipsoid, black.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in semi-evergreen to dry evergreen forests up to 600 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia and Africa; in the Western_Ghats- throughout.

Literature :

Radlk., Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Cl. Koenigl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Muenchen 8: 276. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 247. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 108. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 194. 1996.

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