Meliosma simplicifolia (Roxb.) Walp. ssp. simplicifoli - SABIACEAE


Vernacular names : Tamil: Cembavu, KallaviMalayalam: Kallavi

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 15 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark grey brown, lenticellate; blaze purplish red.
Branchlets : Young branchlets terete, lenticellate, glabrescent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole 1.5-3.5 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrescent when young, swollen at base; lamina 10-30 (50) x 3-10 (-18) cm, oblanceolate to narrow obovate, apex shortly acuminate, base cuneate - attenuate, margin entire, sometimes remotely dentate in saplings, chartaceous, puberulous when young, later glabrous, drying brown; midrib nearly flat above; secondary_nerves 14-18 pairs, often with hairy domatia in their axills; tertiary_nerves coarsely reticulate or obliquely reticulo-percurrent.
Flowers : Inflorescence terminal and axillary panicles, pubescent; flowers sessile; bracts absent.
Fruit& seed : Drupe, globose, to 0.5 cm across; seed one, rugose.

Ecology :

Trees along margin of evergreen forests between 300 and 1600 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia and China; in the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literature :

Walp., Rep. 1: 423. 1842; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 256. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 110. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 102. 1984.

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