Myristica dactyloides Gaertn. - MYRISTICACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: KatujathikaMalayalam: Adakkapayin; Chithirapoovu; Kattujathi; Panthapayin; Pasupathi; Pattapannu; PathiripoovuKannada: Kadu jajikai

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 20 m tall, often with stilt roots.
Trunk & Bark : Bark brownish, lenticellate, flaky; blaze reddish.
Branches and branchlets : Branches verticillate, usually right angles to the main trunk; branchlets terete, glabrous.
Exudates : Sap red from cut end of bark, profuse.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole 1.5-4 cm, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 12-25 x 4-12 cm, variable from narrow oblong to oblong, elliptic to lanceolate, apex acute with blunt tip or obtuse, base acute to rounded, margin entire, thickly coriaceous, shining above, white glaucous beneath; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 10-18 pairs, impressed above; tertiary_nerves obscure or broadly reticulo-percurrent when visible.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual, dioecious, white; male flowers in axillary short umbels, 10-20 flowered; female flowers in fascicles, sessile.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, ovoid, 6 x 3 cm, densely tomentose; seed one, ovoid, covered with orange red deeply laciniate aril.

Ecology :

Common subcanopy trees in evergreen forests up to 1500 m.

Distribution :

South India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South, Central and Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Fruct. 1: 195. t. 41. f. 202. 1788; Gamble, Fl. Madras 3: 1214.1993 (re.ed); Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 54. 1984; Cook, Fl. Bombay 2: 530. 1908; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 4a:249. 2003.

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