Pavetta indica L. - RUBIACEAE


Vernacular names : Tamil: PavettaiMalayalam: Kamatta, Nochi, PavettaKannada: Pavate

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large shrub or small trees up to 4 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark grey, smooth and irreuarly scaly when mature; blaze greenish cream.
Branchlets : Young branchlets angular, terete when mature, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipules broadly lanceolate, intrapetiolar, sheathing, caducous and leaving scar; petioles 0.6-1.5 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 8.5-16.5 × 2.6-5 cm, variable in shape, elliptic or obovate or oblanceolate, apex caudate - acuminate, base attenuate, margin entire, prominently glandular between secondary_nerves, glabrous beneath; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 6-12 pairs; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Flowers : Inflorescence corymbose cymes, terminal; flowers white; pedicel ca. 0.7 cm long.
Fruit& seed : Berry, with 2 pyrenes; seeds one per pyrene.

Ecology :

Undergrowth in disturbed evergreen to semi-evergreen forests up to 900 m.

Distribution :

India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- throughout.

Literature :

Sp. Pl. 110. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 633. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 229. 2004; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 612.1903; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 3:51. 2001.

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