Sageraea laurifolia (Graham) Blatt. - ANNONACEAE

Synonym : Guatteria laurifolia Graham

Vernacular names : Malayalam:  Kanakaitha, Manayare, Manjara, Manjanara, Manjarei.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Status Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees, up to 12 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark irregularly flaky, blaze light brown.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets slender, terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole 0.5-1.3 cm stout; lamina 10-30 x 3-10 cm, narrow oblong to narrow elliptic, apex acute to gradually acuminate or obtuse, base acute, glabrous, margin entire; secondary_nerves 8-13 pairs; tertiary_nerves reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers cream, solitary or clusters on older branches with elongated pedicel.
Fruit and Seed : Cluster of berries, globose, subsessile, to 4 cm across.

Ecology :

Understorey tree in wet evergreen forests between 200 and 600 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- rare in South Sahyadri and occasional in North Malanad of Central Sahyadri to Konkan Coast.

Status :

Lower risk: near threatened (IUCN, 2000).

Literatures :

J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 34: 294. 1931; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 12. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 20. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 49. 1984; Keshava Murthy and Yoganarasimhan, Fl. Coorg (Kodagu) 33. 1990.

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