Tricalysia sphaerocarpa (Dalz.) Gamble - RUBIACEAE

Synonym : Dicospermum sphaerocarpum Dalz

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 15 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Trunk flutted; bark whitish, smooth, fissured when mature; balze yellowish.
Branchlets : Young branchlets angular to compressed, glabrous; apical bud usually exudes yellow resin.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipules narrow triangular to 0.7 cm long, glabrous; petiole 0.6-1.5 cm long, slightly canaliculate above, glabrous; lamina 10-13 x 4-7 cm, elliptic to elliptic-ovate, apex acuminate with blunt tip or obtuse, base attenuate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 5-8 pairs, hairy domatia present at axils; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Flowers : Inflorescence axillary fascicles; flowers polygamodioecious, minute, sessile.
Fruit& seed : Berry globose, up to 2 cm long; seed many, flat.

Ecology :

Trees in evergreen forests up to1000 m.

Distribution :

Peninsular India; in the Western_Ghats- South, Central and south Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literature :

Gamble, Fl. Madras 437. 1921; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 620. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 237. 2004; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 3:60. 2001; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 604.1903.

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