Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution
|Diagnostic characters :||Two big and falcate stipules. Flowers small, fragrant, grouped in axillary fascicles. The fruit is a capsule densely hirsute with red arillate seeds.|
|Habit :||Evergreen tree up to 45 m high. Branches ascending to main trunk. Crown large.|
|Trunk & bark :||Trunk straight, stout with several knobs. Bark smooth lenticellate, grey or whitish-grey, inner bark thick, greyish-yellow.|
|Branches and branchlets or twigs :||Twigs terete, glabrous.|
|Exudates :||Exudate absent.|
|Leaves :||Leaves simple, alternate distichous, ovate to elliptic, 7-15 by 3-5 cm, apex acute, acuminate, base attenuate, margin entire, blade coriaceous, glabrous.|
Midrib flat above, primary vein single, secondary veins oblique to the midrib, widely parallel, tertiary veins finely reticulate. Petiole pubescent.
Stipules wide and falcate in shape, hairy at base.
|Inflorescences or flowers :||Inflorescence axillary, densely hirsute; flower unisexual, greenish yellow to white yellow to yellow, axillary and fasciculate.|
|Fruits :||Capsule densely spiny to bristly, rounded of 0.8-1.8 cm in diameter, dehiscent in three valves.|
|Seeds :||1-4 seeds, black and shiny, with red aril.|
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