Ficus glandulifera (Wall. ex Miq.) King - MORACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Deciduous trees with low buttresses, bark smooth. Young branches brown tomentose. Exudate sticky, watery, yellowish-white. Leaves simple, alternate. Stipules intrapetiolar, sheathing. Fruit a fig.
Habit : Deciduous tree to 25 m. Crown spreading.
Trunk & bark : Trunk with low buttresses. Bark smooth, light brownish red, finely fissured, inner-bark c. 0.5 cm thick, light yellowish, wood yellow. with small pustules, light brown.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Young branches terete, densely to sparsely brown tomentose.
Exudates : Exudate sticky watery, yellowish-white.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, elliptic –oblong to ovate 6-16 x 3.5-8 cm apex acuminate, base subcordate to rounded, below brown hairy on the veins, margin entire.
Midrib flat.
Primary vein single, secondary veins 5-9, oblique, tertiary veins oblique. Petiole 1-2 mm, terete, hairy.
Stipules intrapetiolar, brown hairy, caducous, sheathing, leaving an annular scar.
Inflorescences or flowers : Inflorescence a fig, axillary, usually paired, 0.7-1 cm diameter, peduncle up to 1.3 mm. Flowers unisexual.
Fruits : A fig yellow-red at maturity.
Seeds : Many minute seeds.

Habitat and ecology :

Common in evergreen and disturbed forest.

Distribution :

Indochina, Malesia to New Guinea, Thailand, Laos.

Specimens studied :
BT 801 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Berg, C.C. & E.J.H. Corner. 2005. Moraceae in Flora Malesiana 17/2: 109.

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