Nyssa javanica (Blume) Wang. - NYSSACEAE

Basionym : Agathisanthes javanica Blume

Synonym : Nyssa arborea (Blume) Koord.
Nyssa bifida Craib
Nyssa sessiliflora Hook.f. & Thomson
Daphniphyllopsis capitata Kurz

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Deciduous or evergreen trees, bark smooth to slightly flaky, twigs hairy. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at the ends of the branches, below glaucous. Flowers unisexual on different trees, arranged in heads. Fruits drupaceous.
Habit : Briefly deciduous or evergreen tree up to 40 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bole straight or leaning, bark dark grey or brown, smooth to slightly flaky.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, hairy.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate and spiral, often clustered at the end of the twigs, elliptic to obovate, apex acute to acuminate, base acute, glaucous below, margin entire.
Midrib flat above, secondary veins obliques to obtuse, widely parallel, tertiary veins reticulate.
Stipules absent.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers greenish, unisexual and dioecious, arranged in a many-flowered heads inflorescence, axillary, pedicels up to 3 mm long.
Fruits : Fruit drupaceous, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, leathery wall, fleshy inside.
Seeds : Seed 1.

Habitat and ecology :

Common in evergreen forest, often along streams up to 2500 m altitude.

Distribution :

India (Sikkim, Assam), Burma (Myanmar), China (South), Malay Peninsula, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo), Thailand, Indochina, Laos (Khammouan).

Remark/notes/uses :
No uses known.

Specimens studied :
BT 431 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Gardner S., Sidisunthorn P. & Anusarnsunthorn V. 2000. A field guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand. Kobfai Publishing Project. Bangkok. Thailand.

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