Salacia verrucosa Wight - CELASTRACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Scrumbling shrub with young twigs densely hairy with reddish-brown indumentum. Stipules free. Flowers, axillary, yellow. Fruit an orbicular drupe slightly compressed, red when ripen.
Habit : Scrambling shrub up to 5 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bark smooth with few lenticels, grey or greyish brown, inner bark reddish.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, lenticelled, glabrous, hairy when young, with reddish-brown indumentum.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, sometimes opposite to subopposite, 10-20 x 2-5 cm, elliptic, apex acute, base acute, margin entire, blade coriaceous, glabrous and glossy above.
Midrib flat above, primary vein single, pinnate, secondary veins oblique to the midrib, widely parallel, tertiary veins finely oblique. Petiole glabrous, planoconvex.
Stipules present.
Inflorescences or flowers : Solitary flowers, axillary, yellow. Pedicels less than 0.5 cm long.
Fruits : Fruit is a drupe, orbicular, 3 -4 x 4 cm, roughly smooth, young fruits green, reddish when ripen, calyx persistent.
Seeds : Numerous seeds.

Habitat and ecology :

In evergreen, open and disturbed secondary forest, from 500 m altitude. Flowering in February to March, fruiting from August to September.

Distribution :

In tropical regions of the world.

Remark/notes/uses :
Stem decoction/drink as hematenic.

Specimens studied :
BT 578 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Flore Générale de l’Indochine. 1912. Vol.1, Fasc. 8. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire de Phanérogamie, Paris, France.
V. Lamxay & S. Sisengmek. 2001. Indigenous medicinal plants used in Salavanh province (in Lao language). Non Timber Forest Products. Forest Resource Center. National Agriculture & Forestry Resource Institute.

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