Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz - ANACARDIACEAE

Basionym : Mangifera pinnata L.f.

Synonym : Spondias dulcis Forst.
Spondias mangifera Willd.

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Deciduous trees, bark smooth. Sap white, rapidly turning black. Leaves compound with the leaflets base often asymmetric. Inflorescence axillary, flowers white to cream, polygamous. Fruit a drupe with a large stone.
Habit : Deciduous tree up to 20 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bole straight, bark pale grey, smooth with rounded knobs.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, hairy.
Exudates : Exudate white turning to black.
Leaves : Leaves compound, imparipinnate, alternate and spiral, leaflets elliptic, apex acuminate, base acute, often asymmetrical, with distinct marginal vein, margin entire.
Midrib flat above, secondary veins obtuse, widely parallel, tertiary veins reticulate.
Stipules absent.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers white to cream, arranged in a many-flowered inflorescence, in the upper axils, bisexual and unisexual flowers on the same tree (polygamous plant), pedicels up to 3 mm long.
Fruits : Fruit drupe up to 4.5 cm in diameter, fleshy, not splitting open, with one large stone.
Seeds : Seeds 5.

Habitat and ecology :

Very common in all types of forest.

Distribution :

India (Sri Lanka, Assam, Andamans), Burma (Myanmar), China (South, Hainan), Malesia to Solomons, Thailand, Indochina, Laos (Khammouan).

Remark/notes/uses :
The timber is used for making interior furniture. The bark is recommended for stomach ache, dysentery, rheumatism and swollen joints. The young leaves, flowers, fruits, edible.

Specimens studied :
BT 565 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Gardner S., Sidisunthorn P. & Anusarnsunthorn V. 2000. A field guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand. Kobfai Publishing Project. Bangkok. Thailand.

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