Syzygium cinereum (Kurz) Chantaran. & J.Parn. - MYRTACEAE

Basionym : Eugenia cinerea Kurz

Synonym : Syzygium cinereum Wall.
Syzygium ribesoides Wall.
Eugenia pseudosubtilis King
Eugenia ixoroides Elmer

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Evergreen trees, bole slightly fluted, bark flaky. Leaves with pellucid dots and double intramarginal vein. Flowers bisexual calyx narrowly funnel-shaped. Fruit a berry, large, with conspicuous persistent reddish calyx rim.
Habit : Evergreen tree up to 20 m tall. Crown rounded, branches ascending to the main trunk.
Trunk & bark : Trunk straight. Bark flaky or sometimes deeply fissured, whitish grey or pale grey or pale brown, wood cream.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, sometimes 4-angled or slightly irregular, glabrous. .
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite decussate, 7-15 cm by 3-7 cm, variable in shape, ovate to elliptic, apex acute to acuminate or obtuse, base attenuate or acute, margin entire, blade leathery to coriaceous, glabrous on both sides, intramarginal vein well away from the margin.
Midrib canaliculated above, primary vein single, pinnate, secondary veins obtuse to the midrib, tertiary veins admedial. Petiole canaliculated.
Stipules absent.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers bisexual, sessile or with very short pedicel, grouped in compound cymes. Inflorescence axillary or individual flowers directly on branches, calyx cup short funnel shaped.
Fruits : Fruit is a berry, globose, smooth, dark red to purple-black when ripen.
Seeds : Seed 1.

Habitat and ecology :

In open savannah, streamsides, deciduous and semi-evergreen forests from 500 to 1000 m altitude. Flowering time: November to March, fruiting from May to September.

Distribution :

Burma (Myanmar) (Type), China (South), India, Malay peninsula, Philippines, Thailand (Northern, North-Eastern, Eastern, South-Western, Central, South-Eastern, Peninsular), Vietnam and Laos (Khammouane and Oudomxay provinces).

Remark/notes/uses :
Timber is usually used in construction.

Specimens studied :
BT 557, BT 803, BT 914, BT 1007 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Chantaranothai P. and Parnell J. 1994. A revision of Acmena, Cleistocalyx, Eugenia s.s and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Thailand. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 21: 1-123.
Gardner S., Sidisunthorn P. & Anusarnsunthorn V. 2000. A field guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand. Kobfai Publishing Project. Bangkok. Thailand.
John Parnell & Pranom Chantaranothai. 2002. Myrtaceae. Flora of Thailand, Vol. 7, part 4. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department, Bangkok, Thailand.
Jic Chen & Lyn A. Craven. 2007. Flora of China. Vol. 13. Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St.Louis).

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