Archidendron monadelphum (Roxb.) Nielson var. monadelphum - FABACEAE-MIMOSOIDEAE

Synonym : Mimosa monadelpha Roxb.; Pithecolobium bigeminum Mart.

Vernacular names : Tamil: KalpakkuMalayalam: Attaparanta; Kattukonna; Mutha; Muthakolappan; Pannivaka; VarikiriKannada: Kaddu kondemara

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Medium sized trees up to 12 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark reddish-brown, prominently lenticellate; blaze reddish pink.
Branches and branchlets : Young branchlets terete, puberulent.
Leaves : Leaves compound, bipinnate, alternate, spiral; stipule caducous; rachis 10-11 cm long, pulvinate, round sessile gland along the upper side of the primary and in between the leaflets of secondary rachis, puberulent; petiolule 0.4-0.5 cm long; pinnae 1-2 pairs, opposite, lower pinnae shorter than terminal; leaflets 4-8, opposite, increasing in size towards apex, 4-14.5 x1.8-5.5 cm, usually narrow elliptic to ovate, caudate-acuminate with mucronate tip, base asymmetric or cuneate to acute, margin entire, chartaceous, puberulent at least when young; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 8-14 pairs; tertiary_nerves weakly percurrent or broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence globose heads, in terminal and axillary panicles; flowers white, sessile.
Fruit and Seed : Pods, 10 x 1.5-2 cm, twisted, strap shaped, red within; seeds 3-8, ovoid, smooth.

Ecology :

Trees along the margin of the evergreen and semi-evergreen forests up to 1000 m.

Distribution :

India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Adansonia 19: 21. 1979; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 435.1997 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 162. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 405. 1984; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 455. 1903. Almeida Fl. Maharashtra 2:216. 1998.

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