Arenga wightii Griff. - ARECACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Alam panei, Ala panai, Kattu thengai.  Malayalam: Alathil thenga, Alattiltenna, Karampana, Karampanai, Kattu thengu, Kattuthenna, Malan thengu, Malam tengu, Panei.  Kannada: Dhadashi.  English: The Wild Coconut.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Status Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Monoecious palm, trunk up to 6 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Trunk grey, densely clothed with the black fibrous remains of the leaf_sheaths.
Leaves : Leaves compound, pinnate, 3.5-8 m long; leaflets to 30-100 cm x 2-2.5 cm, linear ensiform, apical one often confluent and obconic, apex narrowed, sometimes shortly, unequally 2-lobed, base asymmetricaly auricled, dark green above, glaucous beneath, margin entire or toothed in the upper half.
Inflorescence / Flower : Male and female spadices separated, 1 m long.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, hard, globose; 2-3 seeded.

Ecology :

Common on steep slopes in low and medium elevation wet evergreen forests, up to 1500 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Status :

Vulnerable (IUCN, 2000).

Literatures :

Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 475. 1845; Gamble, Fl. Madras 3: 1558. 1998 (re. ed); Cook, Fl. Bombay 2: 804. 1902; Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 504. 2004.

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