Casearia thwaitesii Briq. - FLACOURTIACEAE

Synonym : Casearia coriacea Thw.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 10 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark yellowish brown, lenticellate.
Branches and branchlets : Young branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipule caducous; petiole 0.7-1 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous, reddish when young; lamina 4.5-11.5 x 2-7.5 cm, usually obovate, sometimes oblanceolate or broadly elliptic to suborbicular, apex obtuse to rounded or rarely retuse or emarginate, base cuneate or attenuate, margin entire and revolute, coriaceous or subcoriaceous, shiny above, glabrous, pellucid gland dotted; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 6-7 pairs; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers in axillary fascicles, 4-6 in clusters, greenish, ca. 0.4 cm across.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, ellipsoid, fleshy, ca 1.7 cm long, yellow when ripe, 2-valved; seeds 6-9, aril orange red.

Ecology :

Canopy trees in high altitude evergreen forests.

Distribution :

India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- Agasthyamalai, Anaimalai, Palani hills and Nilgiri, between 1600 and 2000 m.

Literatures :

Briq., Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Geneve 62. 1898; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 521. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 31. 2004.

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