Casearia wynadensis Bedd. - FLACOURTIACEAE

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Kari-kunnan

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Status: Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Small trees up to 5 m tall.
Branches and branchlets : Young branchlets terete, fulvous tomentose.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipule caducous; petiole 0.6-1.2 cm long, canaliculate, fulvous tomentose; lamina 5-15 x 2.5-5 cm, narrow elliptic to elliptic-oblong, apex gradually acuminate, base acute or cuneate, margin serrate, membranous, fulvous pubescent on midrib and nerves beneath, sparsely pubescent on intercostals; midrib flat above, slightly pubescent at base; secondary_nerves 8-12 pairs; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers in axillary clusters, pubescent.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, ellipsoid, to 1 cm long, orange when ripe; seeds with red aril.

Ecology :

Understroey trees in wet evergreen forests up to 1000 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- western Anaimalai, Palakkad hills, Wayanad and Sringeri Region.

Status: :

Vulnerable (IUCN, 2000).

Literatures :

Briq., Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Geneve 62. 1898; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 521. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 32. 2004.

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