Cipadessa baccifera (Roth) Miq. - MELIACEAE

Synonym : Melia baccifera Roth.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Pullipancheddi; Savattu chediMalayalam: Kaipanarangi; Potti; PulippanchediKannada: Sidigolii; Chedubeera, Bettada bevu; Adusoge

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Shrubs or small trees, up to 5 m tall.
Branches and branchlets : Young branchlets terete, lenticellate, pubescent.
Leaves : Leaves compound, imparipinnate, 10-28 cm long, alternate, spiral, often crowded at twig ends, pulvinate; rachis 4-12.5 cm, terete, pubescent; petiolule 0.1-0.3 cm long and the terminal one little longer; leaflets opposite or subopposite, 4-5 pairs sometimes 6 pairs with one at terminal, 2-10 x 1.3-4.5 cm, elliptic, apex acute to acuminate, base acute, cuneate or attenuate, margin entire at base and coarsely serrate towards apex, chartaceous, pubescent beneath at least on nerves; midrib thinly raised above; secondary_nerves 5-9 pairs; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence axillary panicles; flowers white.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, globose, 0.7 cm across, with 5 pyrenes; seeds 1-2 per pyrene.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in disturbed evergreen to semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia; in the Western_Ghats- throughout.

Literatures :

Ann. Mus. Lugd.-Bat. 4: 6. 1868; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 176.1997 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 89. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 232. 1996.

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