Cleidion spiciflorum (Burm.f.) Merr. - EUPHORBIACEAE

Synonym : Acalypha spiciflora Burm. f. ; Cleidion javanicum Bl.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Yellari

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 15 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark grey, smooth, minutely lenticellate; blaze dull orange.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules caducous; petiole 2-3 cm long, shallowly canaliculate, swollen at both ends, glabrous; lamina 8-20 x 3-8 cm, narrow-elliptic to obovate, apex abruptly acuminate, base acute to cuneate; margin remotely serrate, subcoriaceous, shining above, glabrous, pair of glands present at the junction of lamina and petiole above; secondary_nerves 5-6 pairs with hairy domatia in the axils; tertiary_nerves reticulo-percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual; male flowers in long axillary spicate racemes; female flower solitary, axillary, peduncle elongated.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, usually bilobed sometimes trilobed, with persistent style and stigma; seeds 1 per locule.

Ecology :

In wet evergreen forests up to 900 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia; in the Western_Ghats- occasional in South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Interpr. Rumph. Amboin. 322. 1917; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1325. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 412. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 124. 1996.

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