Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. - VERBENACEAE

Synonym : Clerodendrum infortunatum non L.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Parugilai, Perugilai, VattakanniMalayalam: Vatta-perivalam, Paragam, PerukuEnglish: Glory tree

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large shrubs or small trees ca. 4 m tall.
Branchlets : Branchlets quadrangular, fulvous tomentose.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 2.5-8 cm long , terete, fulvous tomentose; lamina 7-17 (-23) x 7.5- 15 cm, broad elliptic-ovate or suborbicular, apex acuminate, base cordate, margin entire or dentate, subcoriaceous, fulvous tomentose; midrib raised with tomentose above; 5-7-nerved at base; secondary_nerves ca. 2-3 pairs; tertiary_nerves distantly and horizontally percurrent.
Flowers : Inflorescence terminal panicle, up to 18 cm long, fulvous pubescent; flowers zygomorphic, white.
Fruit& seed : Drupe, black, nearly globose seated on enlarged pinkish accrescent calyx.

Ecology :

Along margin of evergreen to semi-evergreen forests up to 1800 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia; in the Western_Ghats - throughout.

Literature :

Vent., Jard. Mal. 1: t. 25. 1803; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1100. 1993 (re.ed.); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 359. 2004; Cook, Fl. Bombay 2: 432.1908; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 4:119. 2003.

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