Dipterocarpus indicus Bedd. - DIPTEROCARPACEAE

English   Kannada   Malayalam   Tamil   

Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large trees up to 60 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark smooth, grey; blaze brown.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous with annular scars formed by fallen stipules; young branchlets stellate pubescent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral and clustered at twig ends; stipules in younger stages lanceolate, to 5.5 cm long, densely stellate tomentose; petiole to 3 cm long, slightly swollen at base, stellate pubescent in young trees; lamina in mature trees 8-12 x 4-6 cm elliptic or narrow ovate, apex acute or slightly acuminate, base rounded, margin entire, subcoriaceous, glabrous; midrib slightly canaliculate above; secondary_nerves straight, nearly parallel; tertiary_nerves obliquely_percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence 3-8 flowered racemes, axillary; flowers white, fragrant.
Fruit and Seed : Nut, covered by smooth calyx tubes with 3 short and 2 accrescent_calyx_lobes; seeds 1-2.

Ecology :

Canopy and emergent trees in evergreen forests up to 800 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Beddome, Flora Sylvatica 94. 1871; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 81. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 44. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 191. 1996.

Top of the Page