Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq. - SAPINDACEAE


Vernacular names : Tamil: ViraliMalayalam: Virali, Krali, Unnatharuvi.Kannada: Bandare

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large shrubs or small trees up to 5 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark greyish brown, fissured.
Branchlets : Young branchlets angular to subterete, scurfy puberulous.
Exudates : .
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered at twig ends; petiole ca. 0.2 cm long, stout, swollen at base, planoconvex in cross section; lamina 2.5-6.5 x 0.5-1.2 cm, narrow elliptic to oblanceolate, apex acuminate to acute with apiculate tip, base decurrent, margin entire and revolute, shining above, glabrous, viscid; midrib raised above; secondary nerves ca. 16 pairs, nearly parallel; tertiary nerves closely reticulate.
Flowers : Inflorescence panicled cymes, up to 7 cm long, terminal or axillary; flowers small, polygamous; pedicel up to 0.5 cm long.
Fruit& seed : Capsule, membranous, compressed, with 3 wings; seeds 1-2, black.

Ecology :

Common in dry scrub as shrubs; however, also found along margin of high elevation evergreen forests as trees, up to 2400 m.

Distribution :

Pantropical; in the Western_Ghats- throughout.

Literature :

Jack. Enum. Syst. Pl. 19. 1790; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 253. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 108. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 193. 1996; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1:269. 1903; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra .

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