Epiprinus mallotiformis (Mueller) Crozia - EUPHORBIACEAE

Synonym : Symphyllia mallotiformis Muell.-Arg.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Karinjikkada

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees 12 m tall.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets subterete, stellately pubescent when young.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipule ovate-lanceolate, stellately pubescent, caducous; petiole 0.7-5 cm long, canaliculate, swollen at apex and base; lamina 6.5-17.5 x 3.3-8.5 cm, usually elliptic, apex acute, base acute, margin entire, subcoriaceous, stellately pubescent when young; midrib slightly raised above; secondary_nerves 5-7 pairs prominently raised beneath; tertiary_nerves distantly percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flower unisexual, monoecious; inflorescence terminal racemes; male flowers numerous in clusters and female few at the base of the inflorescence.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule subglobose, scabrous; seeds 3, globose.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in evergreen forest up to 1200 m.

Distribution :

South India; in the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

J. Arnold Arbor. 23: 53. 1942; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1323. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 416. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 132. 1996.

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