Memecylon umbellatum Burm.f. - MELASTOMATACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Alli, Anjani, Kasai, Kava, Kaya, Kurre-kaya, Pande-kaya, Pungali, Sirugasa  Malayalam: Anakkayavu, Kalyam, Kanila, Kanalei, Kannavu, Kashavu, Netunjetti  Kannada: Alle, Archana, Arachare, Arachate, Archeti, Harchari, Huli soppu, Limbattoli, Lakhonde, Udaballi, Uddale

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 8 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark pale brown, fissured, thinly flaky when old; blaze yellowish brown.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole ca. 1 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 1.8-8.5 x 0.8-3.8 cm, elliptic to elliptic-ovate, apex acuminate, sometimes acute, base acute to subattenuate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, drying brown; midrib canaliculate; secondary_nerves obscure; tertiary_nerves obscure.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence clusters of distinctly peduncled dense cymose umbels, axillary or on lateral tubercles; flowers deep blue.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, globose, yellow, 0.5 cm across, seed 1.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in open evergreen to semi-evergreen forests, up to 1200 m.

Distribution :

Peninsular India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- through out.

Literatures :

Burm.f., Fl. Ind. 87: 1768; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 504. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 183. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 40. 1996.

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