Palaquium ravii Sasidharan and Vink - SAPOTACEAE


Vernacular names : Malayalam: Choppala, Pachendi, Pali.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution status Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 25 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark grey, smooth; blaze reddish.
Branchlets : Young branchlets terete, appressed puberulent, later glabrous.
Exudates : Latex white, profuse.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered towards twig ends; stipule small, caducous and leaving scar; petiole 1.5- 2.5 cm long, stout, planoconvex in cross section, puberulent when young; lamina 8-17  3.5-6.2 cm, obovate to oblanceolate, apex obtuse or rounded or abruptly acuminate with blunt tip, base attenuate, margin entire, coriaceous, drying brown, glabrous; midrib flat above; secondary nerves 5-8 pairs, not prominent above; tertiary nerves broadly reticulate.
Flowers : Flowers creamy white, in axillary clusters of 2-8 flowers or solitary on older branches, pedicel up to 1 cm long.
Fruit& seed : Berry, obovoid, to 2 cm long, with persistent calyx lobes; seeds 1-2.

Ecology :

Subcanopy trees in medium elvation evergreen forests between 700 and 800 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the southern Western_Ghats- Anaimalai.

status :

Endangered (IUCN, 2000).

Literature :

Sasidharan and Vink., Blumea 35: 385. 1991; Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 269. 2004.

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