Polygala arillata Buch.-Ham. ex Don. - POLYGALACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large shrubs to small trees up to 4 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark greysih-brown, lenticellate; blaze whitish-cream.
Branches and branchlets : Branchlets terete, pubescent when young.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole 0.7-1.3 cm long, canaliculate in cross section, tomentose; lamina 6.5-11 x 3-4.3 cm, elliptic, apex acuminate, base acute, margin entire, glabrous; nervation impressed above; midrib canaliculate above; secondary_nerves ca. 8 pairs; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence racemes, to 15 cm long, pendulous; peduncle to 3 cm long; pedicel 0.8 cm long; flowers zygomorphic, yellow; petals 3, lower one boat shaped.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, obcordate, inflated; seeds 2, globose, compressed; carunlce orange-red.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in evergreen forests at medium elevation between 1200 and 1600 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia and south China- in the Western_Ghats- South Sahyadri.

Literatures :

Prodr. Fl. Nepal 199. 1825; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 58. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 34. 2004 Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 269. 1996; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 1:68. 1996.

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