Syzygium gardneri Thw. - MYRTACEAE

Synonym : Eugenia gardneri (Thw.) Bedd.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Nir-navalMalayalam: Aattunjaval; Karinjara; Karinjaval; Kattayiri; Kattunjaval; NirnjavalKannada: Bilitirupa

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Status: Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Lofty buttressed trees, up to 60 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark white or pale grey, usually cracked in irregular flakes; blaze brown.
Branches and branchlets : Young branchlets subterete to slightly quadrangular, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 0.4-1.3 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 5-10 x 2.5-4 cm, elliptic (linear in young seedling and later becomes narrow oblong), apex caudate or caudate-acuminate, (acumen 0.8-1.8 cm long), base acute or attenuate, margin entire, chartaceous, glabrous, pellucid gland dotted, leaves pink when young; midrib canaliculate; intramarginal nerve present; secondary_nerves closely parallel; tertiary veins slender, admedially ramified.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence corymbose cyme, terminal; flowers white.
Fruit and Seed : Berry subglobose, crowned by persistent calyx, purple; seed one.

Ecology :

Canopy to emergent trees in evergreen forests up to 1400 m.

Distribution :

Western_Ghats and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Status: :

Vulnerable (IUCN, 2000).

Literatures :

Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 117. 1859; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 479.1997 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 177. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 28. 1996; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 492. 1903.

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