Syzygium hemisphericum (Wt.) Alston - MYRTACEAE

Synonym : Eugenia hemispherica Wt.; Jambosa hemispherica Walp.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Vellai nyaral; VellainavalMalayalam: Payanjaval; Tholnjaval; Vellanjara; Vennjara; Ven-nyaraKannada: Bennerale; Pannerale

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 20 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark smooth, greyish brown, blaze cream.
Branches and branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 7.5-19 x 2.5-8 cm, elliptic, oblanceolate, apex acuminate and twisted or acute with blunt tip, base acute to cuneate, margin entire, pellucid gland dotted, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib canaliculate above; intramarginal nerve present (sometimes obscure); midrib slightly canaliculate above; secondary_nerves 8-12 pairs; tertiary_nerves horizontally reticulo-percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers large, white, in terminal cymes; pedicels 0.5 cm long; calyx tube obconic.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, 2-2.5 cm across, hemispherical, purple, crowned by calyx lobes.

Ecology :

Understorey to subcanopy trees in evergreen forests up to 1400 m.

Distribution :

South India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South, Central and Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.): 115. 1931; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 474.1997 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 177. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 28. 1996; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 488. 1903; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 2:271. 1998.

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