Syzygium lanceolatum (Lam.) Wt. & Arn. - MYRTACEAE

Synonym : Eugenia lanceolata Lam.; Syzygium wightianum Wall. ex Wt. & Arn.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Nyaval

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees to 12 m high.
Trunk & Bark : Bark greyish-brown, smooth; blaze reddish.
Branches and branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 0.4-0.6 cm long, slender, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 7.5 x 2.5 cm, elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, apex acuminate or acute and twisted, base cuneate or acute, margin entire, pellucid gland dotted, chartaceous, glabrous; midrib canaliculate; secondary_nerves many, parallel, slender; intramarginal nerve present; tertiary_nerves admedially ramified to obscure.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence axillary and terminal cymes; flowers, white; pedicel 0.2 cm; calyx tube funnel shaped.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, 1.2 cm long, ovoid - turbinate, bright scarlet, crowned with persistent calyx.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in wet evergreen forests between 600 and 1200 m.

Distribution :

South India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- frequent in South and Central Sahyadris, and rare in Maharashtra Sahyadri.

Literatures :

Prodr. 330. 1834; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 478.1997 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 177. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 32. 1996; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 489. 1903; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 2:272. 1998.

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