Gironniera nervosa Planch. - ULMACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Evergreen trees, bark fibrous. Terminal buds and stipules less than 35 mm long. Stipules intrapetiolar, sheathing falling and leaving a circular scar. Flowers unisexual on the same tree. Fruit a drupe, orange-red when mature crowned by persistent calyx and 2 styles.
Habit : Evergreen tree up to 30 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bole straight, sometimes with buttresses, bark grey-brown, smooth.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, hairy.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate and distichous, elliptic-oblong, apex acute, base rounded to cuneate, asymmetrical or not, margin entire or finely toothed.
Midrib flat above, secondary veins oblique, widely parallel, tertiary veins oblique.
Stipules long.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers arranged in a many-flowered inflorescence, unisexual, on different trees, pedicels longer than 0.5 cm.
Fruits : Fruit up to 1.4 cm long, compressed, with 2 persistent styles.
Seeds : Seed 1.

Habitat and ecology :

Common in lowland primary and secondary evergreen forest.

Distribution :

Indonesia (Kalimantan), Thailand, Laos ((Bolikhamxai, Khammouan).

Specimens studied :
BT 144, BT 377, BT 707, BT 741, BT 744 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Soepadmo. 1977. Flora Malesiana I, 8: 74.

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