Liquidambar formosana Hance - HAMAMELIDACEAE

Synonym : Liquidambar acerifolia Maxim.
Liquidambar maximoviczii Miq.
Liquidambar tonkinensis A. Chev .

English   Lao   

Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Deciduous trees with fissured bark. Leaves simple deeply lobed. Stipules linear, free or adnate to petiole. Flowers unisexual on the same tree. Fruit a globose head of capsules, seeds winged.
Habit : Deciduous tree up to 20 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bole straight, bark grey-black, fissured.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, glabrous.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, deeply lobed in 3 sections.
Primary veins 3, secondary veins obtuse, tertiary veins reticulate.
Stipules linear, free or adnate to petiole, deciduous.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers unisexual on the same tree, arranged in a many-flowered inflorescence, terminal. Female head-like on a long peduncle, male head-like on spike-like inflorescence with a short peduncle. Pedicels up to 3 mm long.
Fruits : Fruits aggregated in globose heads up to 3 cm in diameter, formed by many coalescent capsules, spiny, woody.
Seeds : Seed 1 winged.

Habitat and ecology :

Common in hill evergreen forest.

Distribution :

China (South), Korea (South), Taiwan, Vietnam and Laos (Khammouan).

Remark/notes/uses :
Liquidambar balsam is tapped from the trees and is used as a raw material for the perfume and pharmaceutical industry and in the manufacture of varnish and incense.

Specimens studied :
BT 67, BT 275, LAO 72, LAO 340 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Hoang Van Sam, Khamseng Nanthavong & P.J.A. Keßler. 2004. Trees of Laos and Vietnam. Blumea 49: 201--349.

Top of the page