Microcos tomentosa Sm. - TILIACEAE

Synonym : Grewia paniculata DC.

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Evergreen trees, bark scurfy-flaky, twigs hairy. Leaves simple alternate and distichous, margin toothed, below with stellate hairs. Primary nerves three, basal. Stipules present, free. Flowers bisexual. Fruit a large orange drupe.
Habit : Evergreen tree up to 20 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bole straight, sometimes fluted, bark pale brown, inner bark fibrous.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, hairy.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate and distichous, with stellate hairs, elliptic or obovate, apex acute to acuminate, base rounded, margin toothed at the top.
3 prominent basal veins present, secondary veins oblique, widely paralles, tertiary veins reticulate.
Stipules present, linear, falling off early.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers arranged in a many-flowered inflorescence, terminal or in the upper axils, bisexual, pedicels up to 3 mm long.
Fruits : Fruit up to 2.5 cm long, drupe orange-red, leathery.
Seeds : Seed 1.

Habitat and ecology :

Common in evergreen forest.

Distribution :

Burma (Myanmar), Malesia, Philippines, Thailand, Indochina, Laos (Khammouan).

Remark/notes/uses :
Ripe fruits edible. Decoction from the roots is used for coughs. The bark can be used to make ropes.

Specimens studied :
BT 33, LAO 1358 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Phengklai, C. 1993. Tiliaceae in Flora of Thailand 6: 37

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