Phoebe lanceolata (Nees) Nees - LAURACEAE

Synonym : Laurus lanceolaria Roxb.

English   Lao   

Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Buds scales densely hairy. Flowers small finely puberulent, flower buds rounded. Leaves clustered at the end of twigs, young leaves reddish. Fruit grooved longitudinally and sunken at both ends, stalk greenish.
Habit : Evergreen tree up to 15 m tall, branches ascending to the main trunk. .
Trunk & bark : Bole straight. Bark deeply fissured, grey- brown, inner bark brown-reddish or orange-yellow. Wood cream-orange.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs angular or round, densely covered with long bristly hairs, lenticelled.
Exudates : Exudate resinous.
Leaves : Leaves simple alternate, spiral and clustered at the end of twigs, 10-25 by 2-8 cm, elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, apex acute to acuminate, base acute, margin entire, blade leathery, shiny, dark green above, glaucous below.
Midrib slightly raised above, primary vein single, pinnate, secondary veins oblique to the midrib, widely parallel, tertiary veins oblique. Petiole plano-convex, densely covered with white or fawn hairs . Stipule absent.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers arranged in an panicle of cymes, axillary or terminal, bisexual, pedicel 0.2- 0.4 cm long.
Fruits : Fruit is a berry-like, 0.8-1.2 by 0.6-0.8 cm in diameter, glossy black when ripen, oblong or narrowly ovoid, sunken at both ends and grooved longitudinally, calyx persistent.
Seeds : Seed 1.

Habitat and ecology :

Common in evergreen, semi-evergreen, in moist open forests and moist secondary forests up to 1000 m altitude. Flowering in February to March, fruiting: September to November.

Distribution :

Bhutan, Burma (Myanmar), India, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand (Northern) and Laos (Borikhamxay, Khammouane, Louangphrabang & Xiengkhouang provinces).

Remark/notes/uses :
Stems are used as good fuel wood.

Specimens studied :
BT 109, BT 116, BT 262, BT 268, BT 270, BT 272, BT 274, BT 276, BT 412, BT 509 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Gardner, S., Sidisunthorn, P. & Anusarnsunthorn, V. 2000. A field guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand. Kobfai Publishing Project. Bangkok. Thailand.

Top of the page