Actephila excelsa (Dalz.) Muell.-Arg. - EUPHORBIACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees, up to 8 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark brownish, lenticellate; blaze pink.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules in pairs, caducous and leaving scar; petiole to 2 cm, swollen at both ends; lamina to 15 × 4 cm, variable, elliptic-lanceolate to oblanceolate, apex acute, base attenuate, subcoriaceous; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 6-12 pairs; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual, dioecious; male flowers in axillary clusters, short pedicellate, petals white, disk yellow; female solitary, axillary, long pedicellate, petals yellowish and small, disk yellow.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, compressed, globose, 2 × 3.2 cm, woody, long pedicellate; seeds 2 per cell.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in evergreen forests between 300 and 2200 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia; in the Western_Ghats- occasional in South Sahyadri and rare in Chikmagalur (Bababudangiri Hills) and Sirsi Regions of Central Sahyadri.

Literatures :

Linnaea 32: 78. 1863; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1283. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 408. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 114. 1996.

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