Aglaia lawii (Wt.) Sald. - MELIACEAE

Synonym : Nimmonia lawii Wt.; Aglaia jainii Viswa. & Rama.; Amoora canarana (Turcz.) Hiern; A. tamilnadensis Nair & Rajan.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Karakil, Vellacheeralam

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees, buttressed, up to 30 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark light brown, flaky; blaze cream.
Branches and Branchlets : Young branchlets terete, yellowish brown lepidote scales.
Exudates : Latex white from cut end of bark, not profuse.
Leaves : Leaves compound, imparipinnate, alternate, spiral; rachis 6-26 cm long, pulvinate, yellowish brown lepidote scales; petiolules ca. 1 cm; leaflets 5-7, opposite-subopposite or alternate, lamina 12-18 x 5-6 cm, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, apex acute, base oblique, margin wavy and slightly revolute, sparsely lepidote_scaly beneath; secondary_nerves ca. 10 pairs, domatia sometimes with hairy in axils; tertiary_nerves reticulo-percurrent, sometimes obscure in mature leaves.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescences axillary panicles, shorter than or as equal as leaves; flowers unisexual.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, subglobose or obovoid or pear shaped, asymmetrical, ca. 2.5 cm long, 2-3-locular with white resinous juice; seeds 1 per locule, arillate.

Ecology :

Canopy or subcanopy trees in low and medium elevation wet evergreen forests up to 1200 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia to Pacific Islands; in the Western_Ghats- South, Central and south Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Saldanha & Nicolson, Fl. Hassan Dist. 392: 1976; Pannell, A taxonomic monograph of the Genus Aglaia Lour. (Meliaceae), 97. 1992; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 182. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 88. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 230. 1996.