Archidendron clypearia (Jack) Nielson - FABACEAE-MIMOSOIDEAE

Synonym : Inga clypearia Jack Pithecellobium subcoriaceum Thw.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Malai-vagai; MazhavagaiMalayalam: Attha berantha; Mazhavaka

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Shrubs to small trees, up to 10 m tall.
Branches and branchlets : Young branchlets angular, rusty tomentose.
Leaves : Leaves compound, bipinnate, paripinnate, alternate, spiral; stipules caducous; rachis 5-16 cm long, pulvinate, round sessile glands on the upper side, rusty tomentose; pinnae 3-12 pairs, opposite, tomentose; leaflets numerous, small, sessile, 0.6-0.9 x 0.2 cm, oblong to oblong - trapezoid, apex acute and mucronate, base asymmetric, margin entire and recurved, coriaceous, tawny-villous beneath; midrib canaliculate; secondary_nerves 4-6 pairs; tertiary_nerves obscure.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence clustered heads; flowers sessile, greenish white, stamens white and many.
Fruit and Seed : Pod, 7.5-10 cm long, coriaceous, twisted; seeds 4-12.

Ecology :

Trees along the margin of high altitude evergreen forests between 1300-2200 m.

Distribution :

India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South Sahyadri.

Literatures :

Adansonia 19: 15. 1979; J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 17: 688.1993; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 434.1997 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 162. 2004.

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