Atuna travancorica (Bedd.) Kosterm. - CHRYSOBALANACEAE

Synonym : Parinarium travancoricum Bedd.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Kallankai maram

English   Kannada   Malayalam   Tamil   

Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Status Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Medium sized evergreen trees, up to 18 tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark smooth, mottled brown and white.
Branches and Branchlets : Young branchlets terete, pubescent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate; stipules linear, pubescent, ca. 1 cm long, caducous; petiole 0.2-0.4 cm long; lamina 7-12 x 2.5-3 cm, lanceolate, apex acuminate, base acute or slightly cuneate, glabrous, silky hairy along midrib beneath; secondary_nerves ca. 15 pairs, slender; tertiary_nerves closely reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence axillary racemes, ca. 5 cm long, silky-villous; flowers pink.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, 1-2 seeded.

Ecology :

Locally common in wet evergreen forests between 600 and 900 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South Sahyadri.

Status :

Endangered (IUCN, 2000).

Literatures :

Reinwardtia 7: 423. 1969; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 437. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 167. 2004.

Top of the Page