Cinnamomum malabatrum (Burm.f.) Bl. - LAURACEAE

Synonym : Laurus malabatrum Burm.f. ; Cinnamomum iners Reinw.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Kattukaruvappattai  Kannada: Adavulavangapatte

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 15 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark smooth, brown, pustular with aromatic smell; blaze pale brown.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets subterete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite to subopposite; petiole ca. 2 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 9.5-30 x 3.5-7.5 cm, oblong or elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, apex acute to acuminate, base acute to attenuate, glabrous, shining above, aromatic, coriaceous; basally trinerved, laterals reaching nearly to leaf apex, midrib raised above; tertiary_nerves horizontally_percurrent; higher order nerves minutely reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence pseudoterminal and axillary lax panicles, many flowered, pubescent.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, ellipsoid; fruiting_perianth_cup 0.7 cm long with persistent lobes; seed 1.

Ecology :

Common understorey trees in low and medium wet evergreen forests up to 1000 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Bijdr. 568. 1826; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 25: 102. 1983; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1224. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 396. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 61. 1996.

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