Cinnamomum verum Presl - LAURACEAE

Synonym : Cinnamomum zeylanicum Bl.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Karruwa  Malayalam: Karuva

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees, slightly buttressed, up to 16 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark smooth, light brown with strong cinnamon smell; blaze brown.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets slender, subterete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite to subopposite, rarely alternate, spiral; petiole to 2 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 8-16 x 3-5 cm, elliptic-ovate to elliptic-lanceolate apex acute to acuminate, base acute to attenuate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; trinerved (rarely 5-nerved), suprabasal, laterals not reaching the leaf apex, strongly cinnamon smell; tertiary_nerves horizontally_percurrent; higher order nerves minutely reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence axillary panicles, 20 cm long, many flowered; flowers pale yellow green.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, ellipsoid, dark purple, 1.2 cm long; fruiting_perianth_cup ribbed with persistent lobes; seed 1.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in evergreen forests, between 600 and 1200 m.

Distribution :

Western_Ghats and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Priroz. 2: 36 and 37-44, t. 7. 1825; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 25: 126. 1983; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1224. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 397. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 62. 1996.

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