Clausena indica - RUTACEAE

Clausena indica (Dalz.) Oliver - RUTACEAE

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Vernacular names : Tamil: Nana, Kariveppilei, Katta-veppileiMalayalam: Kattumunthri, Gorakotta, Kattukaruveppu

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Small trees up to 4 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark grey, smooth; blaze white.
Branchlets : Young branchlets terete, glabrescent.
Leaves : Leaves compound, imparipinnate, alternate, spiral; rachis terete, pulvinate, glabrescent when young; petiolule 0.3-0.5 cm long; leaflets 7-13, alternate, 2.5-6.5 x 1.7-3.5 cm, ovate to elliptic with unequal sides, apex acuminate with retuse tip, base asymmetric, margin crenulate, glabrous; secondary_nerves 5-8 pairs; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate to obscure.
Flowers : Inflorescence terminal corymbs; flowers white, pentamerous; pedicel up to 0.4 cm long.
Fruit& seed : Berry, globose, 1.3 cm across, yellowish when ripe; seed one.

Ecology :

Undergrowth in evergreen to semi-evergreen forests between 600 and 1300 m.

Distribution :

Peninsular India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- rare in South Sahyadri and frequent in Central and Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literature :

Oliver, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 5: 36. 1861; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 155. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 80. 2004; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 183.1903; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 1:205. 1996.

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