Cyathia nilgirensis Holttum - CYATHIACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 8 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Trunk greyish brown, densely clothed with scars of fallen leaves.
Leaves : Crown of fronds at the top of the trunk; fronds bipinnate, 200 cm long; stipes ca. 100 cm long, with stout base, long brown hairy throughout; pinnae ca. 12 pairs, alternate, distinctly petiolate; pinnules 7.5-12 x 1.5-2.5 cm, pinnatifid, lobes alternate, oblong, 0.7-1.5 x 0.2-0.4 cm, margin crenate, membranous; nerves forked.
Fruit and Seed : Spore producing structures ‘sori’ spherical seated on nerves forks.

Ecology :

Along streams between 1000 and 2200 m.

Distribution :

South Sahyadri in the Western_Ghats.

Literatures :

Kew Bull. 19. 468. 1965; Manickam and Irudayaraj, Pteridophyte flora of the Western_Ghats- south India. 160. 1992.

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