Diospyros oocarpa Thw. - EBENACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Vellai karankali,  Kannada: Kalu-kadumberiya

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 25 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark blackish brown, flakes; blaze brown.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, fulvous pubescent when young.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole to 0.6-1.1 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 5-12 x 3-7.5 cm, narrow ovate to ovate, apex acute to acuminate with blunt tip, base acute, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, drying brown; midrib flat above; secondary_nerves 5-8, not prominent, lower most pairs close; tertiary_nerves obscure.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual, dioecious; male flowers in axillary sessile clusters, cream; female flowers 1-3, axillary.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, oblong-ovoid, 2.3 x 3.5 cm, rugose; calyx_persistent; 1-seed per cell.

Ecology :

Canopy to subcanopy trees in evergreen forests, up to 800 m.

Distribution :

Western_Ghats and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- common in Central and North Malanad of Central Sahyadri.

Literatures :

Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 180. 1860; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 774. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 272. 2004; Singh, Monograph on Indian Diospyros L. (Persimmon, Ebony) Ebenaceae. 182. 2005. Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 339. 1996.

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