Diospyros peregrina (Gaertn.) Gurke - EBENACEAE

Synonym : Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Paniccai, Panicika, Tumbika  Malayalam: Paniccha, Panichi, Panacci, Panicci, Panitsjika, Vananci, Vananchi  Kannada: Bandadamara, Holetupare, Kusarta

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 12 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark greyish black, flaky; blaze dull red.
Branches and Branchlets : Young branchlets terete to slightly angular, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole up to 1.5 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 19 x 6.5 cm, oblong-lanceolate, apex acute to obtuse, base acute to attenuate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, strongly reticulate on both surfaces; midrib canaliculate; secondary_nerves ca. 8 pairs.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual, dioecious; male inflorescence 3-7 flowered axillary cymes; female flowers solitary, axillary.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, globose, 4 cm across, reddish velvety, fruiting_calyx large, reflexed; seeds 4-8, smooth, pulp viscid, turning black when exposed.

Ecology :

Along river banks.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia; all along the Western_Ghats.

Literatures :

Engl. & Prantl. Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4: 164. t. 87. 1891; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 777. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 271. 2004; Singh, Monograph on Indian Diospyros L. (Persimmon, Ebony) Ebenaceae. 193. 2005.

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