Drypetes oblongifolia (Bedd.) Airy Shaw - EUPHORBIACEAE

Synonym : Laneasagam oblongifolium Bedd.; Cyclostemon macrophyllus Bl.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Malampayin

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 12 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Trunk fluted; bark greyish, smooth, sparsely lenticellate; blaze light orange.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets stout, terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules ovate to oblong, 0.7 cm long, caducous; petiole 0.4-1 cm long, stout, planoconvex in cross section, pubescent when young; lamina 12-30 x 5-11 cm, oblong to elliptic-oblong, apex abruptly shortly acuminate, base rounded, margin entire or distantly serrate, glabrous, coriaceous; midrib flat above; secondary_nerves 6-10 pairs, strong; tertiary_nerves strongly and broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flower unisexual, dioecious, in axillary or lateral clusters, often on old wood, sessile.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, subglobose, to 2.5 cm across, densely rufous hirsute, sessile; seeds 2.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in low and medium elevation wet evergreen forests between 400 and 1400 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South and Central (Coorg and Chikmagalur Regions) Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Kew Bull.23: 57. 1969; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1302. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 415. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 131. 1996.

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