Dysoxylum beddomei Hiern - MELIACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Pullipancheddi; Savattu chediMalayalam: Kaipanarangi; Potti; PulippanchediKannada: Sidigolii; Chedubeera, Bettada bevu; Adusoge

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Status: Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large trees, up to 30 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark pale grey, with warty lenticels, flaking off in thin scales; blaze yellowish.
Branches and branchlets : Branchlets subterete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves compound, imparipinnate, to 30 cm long, alternate, spiral, pulvinate; rachis angular, pubescent; petiolue ca. 0.8 cm long; leaflets 7-9 pairs, alternate, 10-15 x 4-5.5 cm, oblong, apex acuminate with blunt tip, base acute and asymmetric, margin entire, glabrous; midrib slightly raised above; secondary_nerves 12-20 pairs, not prominent; tertiary_nerves obscure.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence short axillary racemes or panicles; flowers greenish yellow, subsessile.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule ovoid, apiculate, 7 x 5 cm, with shallow vertical ridges, yellow; seeds 2-4, covered with orange-yellow aril.

Ecology :

Canopy trees occasionally found in wet evergreen forests, between 300 and 1200 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the southern Western_Ghats- Elamalai and Anaimalai in South Sahyadri.

Status: :

Endangered (IUCN, 2000).

Literatures :

Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 1: 548; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 178.1997 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 89. 2004.

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