Filicium decipiens (Wt. & Arn.) Thw. - SAPINDACEAE

Synonym : Valmuriccha, Sanimaram.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Ningal, Nirkongu, Athadali, IruvillipalaiMalayalam: Val muriccha, Niroli, Sanimaram, Kattunelli

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large trees up to 25 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark brownish, irregularly flaky; blaze pinkish.
Branchlets : Branchlets stout, angular, glabrous, with scars of fallen leaves.
Leaves : Leaves compound, paripinnate or imparipinnate, 15-20 cm long, spiral; rachis distinctly winged; leaflets sessile, 8-12 (-17), usually opposite or subopposite, sometimes alternate, 4-13 x 1.5-2.5, linear-oblong, apex usually obtuse with retuse tip or rarely acuminate, base asymmetric or cuneate, margin entire, thinly coriaceous, glabrous; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves many, slender, fairly close, parallel; tertiary_nerves admedially ramified.
Flowers : Inflorescence axillary panicle; flowers small, polygamous; pedicel 0.3 cm long.
Fruit& seed : Drupe, purple, shining, apiculate, 1.3 cm across, 1-seeded.

Ecology :

Generally found in dry evergreen forests up to 1000 m.

Distribution :

India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- commonly found along eastern slopes of South Sahyadri.

Literature :

Jack. Enum. Syst. Pl. 19. 1790; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 249. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 108. 2004.

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